Any human body needs to get its blood cleaned of impurities every moment to ensure a healthy system and proper functioning of the body. The kidneys do exactly the job of cleansing the blood of toxic elements. The kidneys allow a person to consume food, fluids, medicines and anything that are without toxic by-products harmful to the body.
The kidney's main function is to filter our blood to cleanse it off these poisonous by-products, excess water and electrolytes. They also help to regulate the blood pressure and produce hormones that influence the production of red blood cells and the growth of bones.
A dialysis treatment is required when the kidneys stop working else the body gets filled with these harmful elements, which can be fatal. Or if possible the body needs kidney transplantation. However, getting a kidney that matches the body is not easy and until then the person needs to stay on dialysis.
Diabetes is a prime cause of kidney failure. It accounts for almost 55% of new dialysis patients, according to a report of the Malaysian Transplant and Dialysis Registry 2008.
A dialysis is conducted through a machine which gets the blood cleansed in the machine. The filtered blood is then again sent into the body. A patient needs three dialysis every week and the whole process takes about 4-5 hours.
Dialysis is commonly done at dialysis centres in hospitals but it can be done at home too if one can afford it.